Question: Can Viral Meningitis Damage Brain?

Is viral meningitis serious?

Viral meningitis is an infection of the membranes (linings) that cover the brain and spinal cord.

A variety of viruses can cause meningitis, including those that cause gastroenteritis, measles, mumps, chicken pox and herpes.

Viral meningitis is rarely serious, although symptoms may be severe..

Can I get viral meningitis again?

It is very unusual for anyone to have meningitis more than once, but it is possible. Most people some develop immunity to the organism that has caused their disease. However, there are several different causes of meningitis and therefore it is possible, but rare, to have the disease more than once.

How long can you have meningitis without knowing?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Can viruses affect your brain?

Encephalitis is most commonly due to viruses, such as herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, or West Nile virus. It can occur in the following ways: A virus directly infects the brain. A virus that caused an infection in the past becomes reactivated and directly damages the brain.

How long are you contagious with viral meningitis?

Viral caused meningitis may be contagious from three days after infection starts to about 10 days after the symptoms develop.

What is the survival rate of viral meningitis?

The mortality rate associated with viral meningitis is less than 1%; the morbidity rate is also low.

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.

Can flu cause neurological problems?

Influenza can be associated with various neurologic problems: encephalopathy (a state of confusion), seizures, neuropathy, as well as others. These complications most frequently occur in children, although cases of neurologic illness associated with adult influenza certainly occur.

Does viral meningitis cause brain swelling?

Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.

What are the long term side effects of viral meningitis?

After effects most likely to be caused by meningitisMemory loss/lack of concentration/difficulty retaining information.Clumsiness/co-ordination problems.Headaches.Deafness/hearing problems/tinnitus/dizziness/loss of balance.Epilepsy/seizures.Weakness/paralysis/spasms.Speech problems.Loss of sight/vision problems.

Can flu affect the brain?

The infections also activated the brain’s immune cells in this region for an extended period and altered the expression of genes implicated in disorders including depression, autism and schizophrenia. These findings suggest that some strains of the flu may pose a threat to healthy brain function.

Can viral meningitis cause permanent damage?

The seriousness of the infection and the best treatment depend on the cause. With bacterial meningitis, delaying treatment increases the risk for permanent brain damage or death. Viral meningitis, also called aseptic meningitis, is the most common form of meningitis in the United States. It is rarely fatal.

What is the most common cause of viral meningitis?

Causes. Non-polio enteroviruses are the most common cause of viral meningitis in the United States, especially from late spring to fall. That is when these viruses spread most often. However, only a small number of people infected with enteroviruses will actually develop meningitis.

Can stress cause viral meningitis?

The while cell count (involved in fighting infection) may be raised in a recent bacterial infection but low in a recent viral infection. All other symptoms can easily be caused by stress or a common bacterial/viral infection. Antibiotics are not effective in viral meningitis.

What viruses cause neurological problems?

Acute neurological syndromes caused by virusesAcute neurological syndromes. There are four main syndromes: … Aseptic meningitis. This is the commonest viral syndrome. … Encephalitis (grey matter disease) … Acute flaccid Paralysis. … 4 (i) Post infectious encephalitis (white matter disease) … 4 (ii) Gillain Barre syndrome. … Enteroviruses. … Poliovirus.More items…