Quick Answer: Can A Viral Infection Cause Congestive Heart Failure?

Can a viral infection cause heart problems?

Myocarditis can affect your heart muscle and your heart’s electrical system, reducing your heart’s ability to pump and causing rapid or abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias).

A viral infection usually causes myocarditis, but it can result from a reaction to a drug or be part of a more general inflammatory condition..

What antibiotics treat myocarditis?

Macrolide antibiotics may also have a role in the treatment of non-bacterial myocarditis, which is much more common, but their effectiveness may be mediated through inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) rather than through a pathogen-specific mechanism.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…

How long does the end stage of congestive heart failure last?

Patients are considered to be in the terminal end stage of heart disease when they have a life expectancy of six months or less. Only a doctor can make a clinical determination of congestive heart failure life expectancy.

Do you run a fever with congestive heart failure?

It is well known that fever often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure. During the early use of the clinical thermometer Wunderlich1 noted this finding, but he also said that subnormal temperatures were by no means uncommon.

What virus can cause heart failure?

Although the most common result of a coxsackievirus infection is the flu, they can also cause pancreatitis leading to diabetes, arthritis, meningitis and myocarditis (an infection of the heart muscle) leading to heart failure.

What is the life expectancy for an elderly person with congestive heart failure?

Although there have been recent improvements in congestive heart failure treatment, researchers say the prognosis for people with the disease is still bleak, with about 50% having an average life expectancy of less than five years. For those with advanced forms of heart failure, nearly 90% die within one year.

Can the flu trigger a heart attack?

Studies have shown that flu illness is associated with an increase of heart attacks and stroke. A 2018 study found that the risk of heart attack was 6 times higher within a week of confirmed flu infection. These findings were most pronounced for older adults and those experiencing their first heart attack.

Can the flu cause congestive heart failure?

However for those with heart disease, the flu can be deadly. For those who have underlying heart failure or arrhythmias or coronary disease, an influenza infection can exacerbate these underlying conditions — resulting in hospitalizations for heart attacks, heart failure, and arrhythmias.

How long can you live with myocarditis?

For example, in many typically healthy adults with uncomplicated coxsackievirus myocarditis, symptoms can start to improve over a couple weeks. In other cases, the heart takes a few months to recover. Sometimes, the damage to the heart muscle is permanent and heart failure persists after the inflammation has resolved.

Can a heart attack cause a fever?

Many people who have experienced a heart attack thought they had the flu, since it accompanied flu-like symptoms before the attack. Except for high fever, symptoms can be similar such as chest fullness, shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, bloating and coughing.

Can a cold virus attack the heart?

Common viruses affecting the heart include the adenovirus (common cold virus), the rubella virus (German measles) and coxsackievirus B (a virus that causes flu-like symptoms). Myocarditis tends to affect more men than women, and the average patient age is 42 years.

What are the signs that congestive heart failure is getting worse?

Warning signs of worsening heart failureSudden weight gain (2–3 pounds in one day or 5 or more pounds in one week)Extra swelling in the feet or ankles.Swelling or pain in the abdomen.Shortness of breath not related to exercise.Discomfort or trouble breathing when lying flat.Waking up short of breath.More items…

Is viral myocarditis contagious?

The viruses are spread through contact with body fluids of an infected person and can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to a fetus during pregnancy. This is the most common cause of myocarditis, blamed for about half of all US cases.

Can a viral infection cause high blood pressure?

A new study suggests for the first time that cytomegalovirus (CMV), a common viral infection affecting between 60 percent and 99 percent of adults worldwide, is a cause of high blood pressure, a leading risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.

Can a virus cause tachycardia?

In some people, IST starts after an infection from a virus. In this situation, people may have their symptoms go away suddenly after several months to a few years. Many factors can trigger tachycardia itself.

How long does it take to recover from viral myocarditis?

In many cases, myocarditis improves on its own or with treatment, leading to a complete recovery. Myocarditis treatment focuses on the cause and the symptoms, such as heart failure. In mild cases, persons should avoid competitive sports for at least three to six months.