Quick Answer: What Is The Most Common Type Of Meningitis?

How can you tell if meningitis is bacterial or viral?

To determine whether a person is suffering from viral or bacterial meningitis, doctors will have to perform a lumbar puncture.

This involves collecting a sample of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that surrounds the brain and spinal cord to find out what is causing the meningitis..

What is the most common meningitis?

Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E. coli.

What are the 3 most common causes of bacterial meningitis?

Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly:Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). … Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus). … Haemophilus influenzae (haemophilus). … Listeria monocytogenes (listeria).

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.

What organs are affected by meningitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) that protect the spinal cord and brain. When the membranes become infected, they swell and press on the spinal cord or brain. This can cause life-threatening problems. Meningitis symptoms strike suddenly and worsen quickly.

What do meningitis bumps look like?

It leads to broken blood vessels, and they can resemble a rash, which doctors call a petechial rash. In babies and adults, a meningitis rash may look like the following: tiny red, pink, brown, or purple pinprick marks (petechiae) on the skin. purple bruise-like marks.

How fast does meningitis kill?

90% of children and teenagers who die of meningococcal meningitis die within 24 hours. Research has found that nearly 90% (88.7%) of children and teenagers who are killed by invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) die within 24 hours of diagnosis.

How do I get meningitis?

The infection is usually spread by people who carry these viruses or bacteria in their nose or throat, but are not ill themselves. The infection can also be spread by someone with meningitis, although this is less common. It’s possible to get meningitis more than once.

What does meningitis feel like in adults?

The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion. Septicaemia can occur with or without meningitis.

What are the 5 types of meningitis?

There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.

Where is bacterial meningitis most commonly found?

The largest burden of meningococcal disease occurs in an area of sub-Saharan Africa known as the meningitis belt, which stretches from Senegal in the west to Ethiopia in the east (26 countries).

How long does it take to recover from bacterial meningitis?

Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest. take painkillers for a headache or general aches.

What can be mistaken for meningitis?

Up to age five, the diseases most often suggesting meningitis were right-sided pneumonia, gastroenteritis, otitis, tonsillitis, exanthema subitum, and urinary tract infections. Of 171 patients with febrile convulsion, one (0.5%) had bacterial meningitis and four had aseptic meningitis.

How long can you have meningitis and not know it?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Does Meningitis go away by itself?

Treatment. In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.

How long can Meningitis last?

How long does meningitis last? Viral meningitis lasts about seven to 10 days with symptoms receding gradually. Bacterial meningitis is usually cured by antibiotics. The time to cure varies with each individual and corresponds with the decrease of symptoms.