What Are Infectious Diseases List The 5 Most Common Ones?

What is the deadliest disease?

Summary.

In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S.

were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.

The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease..

What are the 5 stages of infectious disease?

The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2).

What is infectious disease caused by?

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans.

What is the most common sign of an infectious disease?

General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include:Fever.Diarrhea.Fatigue.Muscle aches.Coughing.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What are the 4 types of infections?

For example, viruses are smaller than bacteria. They enter a host and take over cells, whereas bacteria can survive without a host. Treatment will depend on the cause of the infection. This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

What is Grayson’s syndrome?

Doctors discovered that the 6-year old boy is the only person in the whole world who was born with the collection of health problems that he was, and therefore, his condition has been called the Grayson’s syndrome and has been named after him.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is a very rare disease?

In the United States, the Rare Diseases Act of 2002 defines rare disease strictly according to prevalence, specifically “any disease or condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States”, or about 1 in 1,500 people.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What is the most common virus in humans?

The most common type of viral disease is the common cold, which is caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat). Other common viral diseases include: Chickenpox. Flu (influenza)

What are the world’s four most serious infectious diseases?

These are only four of the infectious diseases that have shaped the last century. In reality, there are a number that could have been included in this list of threats including polio, malaria, cholera and syphilis.

Is there a disease where you age backwards?

Progeria syndrome is rare. According to the Progeria Research Foundation, it affects about 1 in 20 million people. An estimated 350 to 400 kids are living with the syndrome at any given time in the world. Progeria affects children regardless of their gender or ethnicity.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is the most common infectious disease in the United States?

People in the United States continue to get diseases that are vaccine preventable. Viral hepatitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (TB) remain among the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and account for substantial spending on the related consequences of infection.