What Bacteria Does Chloramphenicol Treat?

What type of bacteria does chloramphenicol kill?

Chloramphenicol, antibiotic drug once commonly used in the treatment of infections caused by various bacteria, including those in the genera Rickettsia and Mycoplasma..

Why chloramphenicol is banned?

The Committee concluded that the compound is genotoxic, which means it could cause genetic damages and possibly lead to cancer. Chloramphenicol is also known to cause an extremely serious disease in people called “aplastic anemia”.

What does chloramphenicol cure?

About chloramphenicol Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It’s mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment. These are available on prescription or to buy from pharmacies.

Is chloramphenicol available over the counter?

Chloramphenicol is a potent broad spectrum, bacteriostatic antibiotic that can be used to treat acute bacterial conjunctivitis in adults and children aged 2 years and over. It’s available over the counter (OTC) as chloramphenicol 0.5% w/v eye drops and 1% w/v ointment.

Is chloramphenicol a broad spectrum antibiotic?

Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic whose spectrum includes several gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, spirochetes, and Rickettsiae.

Is chloramphenicol a steroid?

GENERIC NAME: CHLORAMPHENICOL/HYDROCORTISONE – EYE-EAR OINTMENT (klor-am-FEN-eh-coal/hi-dro-KOR-tih-sown) USES: This medication contains an antibiotic that helps prevent or treat an infection and a steroid which reduces inflammation. It is used in the treatment of various eye (ophthalmic) or ear (otic) conditions.

Is chloramphenicol broad or narrow spectrum?

Chloramphenicol is an antibacterial agent with a broad spectrum of activity against gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria, and Rickettsia.

What is the other name for chloramphenicol?

BRAND NAME: Chloromycetin, Econochlor, Ocu-Chlor (These are discontinued brands in the US) DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Chloramphenicol is a man-made antibiotic. It slows growth of bacteria by preventing them from producing important proteins that they need to survive.

What does erythromycin do to bacteria?

Erythromycin is known as a macrolide antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic treats or prevents only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu).

What drug class is chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol injection is in a class of medications called antibiotics.

Can chloramphenicol be used on skin?

Chloramphenicol cream is only for external use on the skin. Wash hands before and after use. Wash affected area and gently pat dry. Apply a thin layer of the ointment to the affected area as often as prescribed by your prescriber or health care professional.

Is chloramphenicol toxic?

Advances in antibiotic measurement However, chloramphenicol is very toxic and its adverse effects include aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, or leucopenia.

What does chloramphenicol do to bacteria?

Chloramphenicol is bacteriostatic but may be bactericidal in high concentrations or when used against highly susceptible organisms. Chloramphenicol stops bacterial growth by binding to the bacterial ribosome (blocking peptidyl transferase) and inhibiting protein synthesis.

What is the side effect of chloramphenicol?

Common side effects include bone marrow suppression, nausea, and diarrhea. The bone marrow suppression may result in death. To reduce the risk of side effects treatment duration should be as short as possible. People with liver or kidney problems may need lower doses.

What does chloramphenicol do to humans?

PRECAUTION FOR HUMANS: Chloramphenicol can cause permanent damage to the bone marrow in about 1 in 10,000 people. For these people, even skin contact can cause permanent damage.