What Diseases Affect White Blood Cells?

What happens when your white blood cells are low?

White blood cells are produced by your bone marrow to help your body fight infection.

If you have fewer than normal white blood cells, you have a higher risk of getting an infection.

When you have a low white blood cell count, your immune system isn’t working as well as it should..

How can you tell if your white blood cells are low?

If you have a low white blood cell count, you may:Have repeated fevers and infections.Get bladder infections that may make it painful to pass urine, or make you urinate more often.Get lung infections that cause coughing and difficulty breathing.Get mouth sores.Get sinus infections and a stuffy nose.More items…

What foods to avoid if you have low white blood cells?

If you have neutropenia, you should avoid raw meat, eggs and fish, moldy or expired food, unwashed or moldy fruit and vegetables, and unpasteurized beverages, including fruit and vegetable juice, beer, milk, as well as unpasteurized honey.

What diseases increase white blood cells?

AdvertisementAcute lymphocytic leukemia.Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)Allergy, especially severe allergic reactions.Chronic lymphocytic leukemia.Chronic myelogenous leukemia.Drugs, such as corticosteroids and epinephrine.Infections, bacterial or viral.Myelofibrosis (a bone marrow disorder)More items…•

What autoimmune diseases affect white blood cell count?

Autoimmune disorders: Some autoimmune diseases, like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, will tell your body to attack and destroy its own WBCs. Infection: Viruses can affect your bone marrow and cause low WBCs for a while.

How can I raise my white blood cells fast?

15 Foods That Boost the Immune SystemCitrus fruits.Red bell peppers.Broccoli.Garlic.Ginger.Spinach.Yogurt.Almonds.More items…•

Do low white blood cells make you tired?

This condition may contribute to weakness, fatigue or shortness of breath. Leukopenia: A low white blood cell count. A decrease in the production of functional leukocytes (white blood cells) weakens the body’s immune defense, which may make you more prone to infections. Thrombocytopenia: A low blood platelet count.

What diseases cause low white blood cell count?

Low White Blood Cell Count: Possible CausesCancer (caused by chemotherapy treatments)Bone marrow disorders or damage.Autoimmune disorders (problems with the immune system in which the body attacks itself), such as lupus.Infections (including tuberculosis and HIV)Immune system conditions.Crohn’s disease.Malnutrition.Radiation treatments for cancer.More items…•

What is the most common reason for low white blood cell count?

A low white blood cell count usually is caused by: Viral infections that temporarily disrupt the work of bone marrow. Certain disorders present at birth (congenital) that involve diminished bone marrow function. Cancer or other diseases that damage bone marrow.

How do you treat low white blood cells?

Common treatments include:Medications. Medications can be used to stimulate your body to make more blood cells. … Stopping treatments that cause leukopenia. Sometimes you may need to stop a treatment like chemotherapy to give your body time to make more blood cells. … Growth factors. … Diet. … At home.

What drugs increase white blood cell count?

Drugs that may increase WBC counts include:Beta adrenergic agonists (for example, albuterol)Corticosteroids.Epinephrine.Granulocyte colony stimulating factor.Heparin.Lithium.

What vitamin deficiency causes low white blood cells?

Deficiency of Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency can also reduce the number of white cells but such deficiency is usually accompanied by other signs in the blood. A low white cell count can also be a feature of autoimmune disease.

Can stress cause your white blood count to be low?

In addition, stress decreases the body’s lymphocytes — the white blood cells that help fight off infection. The lower your lymphocyte level, the more at risk you are for viruses, including the common cold and cold sores.

When should I be worried about low white blood cells?

A truly low white blood cell count also puts you at higher risk for infections — typically bacterial infections. But viral infections also may be a concern. To help reduce your infection risk, your doctor may suggest you wear a face mask and avoid anyone with a cold or other illness.

When your white blood cells attack your red blood cells?

In immune hemolytic anemia, your immune system destroys your red blood cells. The three main types of immune hemolytic anemia are: autoimmune, alloimmune, and drug-induced. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). In this condition, your immune system makes antibodies (proteins) that attack your red blood cells.