Who Is Most Susceptible To Rubella?

What is the most common sign of congenital rubella infection?

Babies born with congenital rubella syndrome may have some or all of the following symptoms:Low birth weight.Developmental delays.Learning disabilities.Deafness.Diabetes.Enlarged liver and spleen.Skin lesions.Bleeding.More items….

What are the long term effects of rubella?

Up to 70% of women who get rubella may experience arthritis; this is rare in children and men. In rare cases, rubella can cause serious problems, including brain infections and bleeding problems. liver or spleen damage.

Can you get rubella more than once?

Once you have had rubella, your body will have made antibodies to the condition that will provide immunity throughout your life. It is very rare to have more than one episode.

What happens if rubella is left untreated?

If left untreated, the infection can lead to ear infections, pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and even death.

What happens if you are not immune to rubella?

If a pregnant woman is not immune to rubella and catches it during the first 5 months of pregnancy, she usually passes the disease on to her fetus. If the fetus gets rubella during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, the baby will likely be born with many problems.

Where is rubella most commonly found in the world?

The highest risk of CRS is found in countries with high rates of susceptibility to rubella among women of childbearing age. In 1996, an estimated 22 000 babies were born with CRS in Africa, an estimated 46 000 in South-East Asia and close to 13 000 in the Western Pacific.

Is rubella immunity lifelong?

A single rubella infection usually offers lifelong immunity for most people. Although unlikely, it is still possible to contract rubella even if you have had a vaccination or a previous rubella infection.

Is Rubella a virus or bacteria?

Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include a low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body.

How long is rubella contagious?

A person with rubella may spread the disease to others up to one week before the rash appears, and remain contagious up to 7 days after.